El pintor, ilustrador y escritor norteamericano Rockwell Kent (1882-1971) nació en Tarrytown, Nueva York. Inspiraron su obra Thoreau, Emerson y William Blake. Ha sido comparado con Nicolás Roerich, por sus contrastes de luz y sombras, su inspiración en la naturaleza más agreste y un cierto aire espiritual.
|Rockwell Kent (1882-1971)|
Foto: Plattsburgh State Art Museum
de Rockwell Kent Colección
Legado de Sally Kent Borton
|ROCKWELL KENT (after)|
Man Reading in a Cabin.
Rockwell Kent was born in Tarrytown, New York, the same year as fellow American artists George Bellows and Edward Hopper. Kent lived much of his early life in and around New York City, and moved in his mid-40s to an Adirondack farmstead that he called Asgaard where he lived and painted until his death. Kent studied with the influential painters and theorists of his day. He studied composition and design with Arthur Wesley Dow at the Art Students League in the fall of 1900, and he studied painting with William Merritt Chase each of the three summers between 1900 and 1902 after which he entered, in the fall of 1902 Robert Henri's class at the New York School of Art, which Chase had founded. During the summer of 1903 Kent was apprenticed to painter and naturalist Abbott Handerson Thayer. An undergraduate background in architecture at Columbia University prepared Kent for occasional work in the 1900s and 1910s as a draftsman and carpenter.
Kent's early paintings of Mount Monadnock and New Hampshire were first shown at the Society of American Artists in New York in 1904, when Dublin Pond was purchased by Smith College. In 1905 Kent ventured to Monhegan Island, Maine, where he based himself for the next five years. His first series of paintings of Monhegan were shown in 1907 at Clausen Galleries in New York to wide critical acclaim, and they form the foundation of his lasting reputation as an early American modernist. Among those lauding Kent was critic James Huneker of the Sun (who would soon deem the paintings of The Eight to be "decidedly reactionary"). Huneker praised Kent's brushwork as athletic and his colorful dissonances as daring. In 1910, Kent helped organize the Exhibition of Independent Artists.
A transcendentalist and mystic in the tradition of Thoreau and Emerson, whose works he read, Kent found inspiration in the austerity and stark beauty of wilderness. After Monhegan, he lived for extended periods of time in Newfoundland (1914–15), Alaska (1918–19), Tierra del Fuego (1922–23), Ireland (1926), and Greenland (1929; 1931–32; 1934–35)
Asgaard Farm, Mountain Road,
"And there, westward and heavenward, to the high ridge of Whiteface, northward to the northern limit of the mountains, southward to their highest peaks, was spread the full half-circle panorama of the Adirondacks. It was as if we had never seen the mountains before."
—This Is My Own, Rockwell Kent. Jay, New York
In the late summer of 1918 Kent and his nine year-old son ventured to the American frontier of Alaska. Wilderness (1920), the first of Kent's several adventure memoirs, is an edited and illustrated compilation of his letters home. Upon the artist's return to New York in March 1919, publishing scion George Palmer Putnam and others, including Juliana Force—assistant to Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney—implemented their avant-garde notion of incorporating the artist as "Rockwell Kent, Inc." to support him in his new Vermont homestead while he completed his paintings from Alaska for exhibition in 1920 at Knoedler Galleries in New York. Kent's small oil on wood panel sketches from Alaska—uniformly horizontal studies of light and color—were exhibited at Knoedler's as "Impressions." Their artistic lineage to the small and spare oil sketches of James Abbott McNeill Whistler (1834–1903), which are often entitled "Arrangements," underscores Kent's admiration of Whistler as a "genius."
Interior, Alaskan cabin, Resurrection Bay, Alaska, 1918–19
After his expulsion from Newfoundland, Kent and his family returned to New York. Money woes were mounting (Kathleen had given birth to their fourth child). Despite his financial straits, he began laying plans for a lengthy escape to Alaska, a last-ditch effort to salvage his career as a painter.
When art collector Ferdinand Howald agreed to advance him the funds to support his family, Kent’s Alaskan odyssey drew near. Though eager to enter the wild, he did not look forward to the loneliness.
Kathleen refused to leave the children with her parents and accompany him, but she agreed to let 9-year-old Rocky join his father on the journey.
While exploring Resurrection Bay in a borrowed rowboat, Kent and young Rocky hailed an old man in a motor-driven dory. “Come with me,” said 71-year-old Lars Olsen, the sole human inhabitant of Fox Island. “I show you the place to live.”
Kent renovated an abandoned goat shed, turning it into a comfortable home. For seven months he reveled in this world of isolation and creativity. Homesick for his family, however, and fearing his marriage would finally crumble, he left in March of 1919.
“Ah, god, and now the world again.”
The exhibitions of his paintings and drawings that followed re-launched Kent’s career as an artist.
Rockwell Kent III, known as Rocky, outside Kent’s Alaskan cabin.
Rockwell Kent studio at Asgaard Farm, Ausable Forks, NY
El marinero como artista, el artista como marinero
Pocos artistas han dejado su marca como marineros, menos aún, han escrito libros que combinan la navegación a vela y su arte. Rockwell Kent (1882-1971) hizo ambas cosas.
Nacido en Tarrytown, Nueva York, propietario de una granja en las montañas Adirondack, un aparato durante muchos años en Monhegan Island, Kent fue un artista de tendencia izquierdista con una inclinación por la aventura de altas latitudes (Alaska, Terranova, Groenlandia, Tierra del Fuego, etc) en la época entre las dos guerras mundiales. Llegó a ser conocido como ilustrador de libros y ganó su fama en crear obras de arte con un estilo que era a la vez sencillo y trascendental.
Kent ilustró varios libros con temas náuticos, incluyendo una edición limitada de tres volúmenes, de Herman Melville, Moby Dick , más tarde publicó A Treasury of Sea Stories, editado por Gordon C. Aymar. De los varios libros que escribió e ilustró, dos -N by E, y Voyaging -son sobre sus experiencias de navegación. El primero describe un pasaje de Nueva York a Groenlandia, Terranova, en un Colin Archer que terminó en naufragio; este último está a punto de Kent experiencias en un bote salvavidas convirtió a lo largo del Estrecho de Magallanes y Tierra del Fuego. Ambas son piezas de género, pero en el fondo son literatura ilustrada con arte. (...)
|Adirondack Cabin. by Rockwell Kent. 1946|
|Adirondack Cabin. 1 Rockwell Kent. 1941|
Resting. Rockwell Kent (1929)
Communing with Nature. Rockwell Kent (1934)
|Starlight by Rockwell Kent|
This is a woodblock print done after the original by Rockwell Kent. This was produced for a portfolio and is titled 'Starlight' (wood eng. 42). The original work sells for thousands of dollars.
|Lone cabina. Rockwell Kent (1926)|